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Whether planned or decided during childbirth, the prospect of a caesarean section can cause anxiety among expectant mothers. However, it helps to limit the risks for the mother and the child in certain situations and is perfectly controlled.
Caesarean section, what is it?
- Caesarean section is a surgical procedure in which incisions are made in the abdomen and uterus to allow the birth of the child when giving birth by natural means poses risks to the health of the child and / or the mother.
- This technique has existed since the time of the Romans.It takes its name from Julius Caesar.
- Caesarean section can be planned during pregnancy, for different indications such as intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), in this case we speak of scheduled cesarean section. When it becomes a necessity during childbirth, for various indications such as fetal distress or placenta previa, it must be practiced urgently.
Before the intervention
- Caesarean section is always performed in the operating room. The future mother is prepared: shaved pubic hair, skin brushed with betadine ... In most cases, it is performed under spinal anesthesia (epidural), which will help to numb the lower part of the body. This allows the mother to be aware, to have certain sensations without pain and not to be deprived of the birth of her baby. Nowadays, caesarean section is rarely performed under general anesthesia.
- An operative field, a sheet, is placed vertically on the belly to "make screen", so that the parturient does not see the details of the surgical act.
- In the majority of cases, the father can attend the intervention. He stays next to the mother.